Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop anywhere in the digestive tract including the food swallowing tube or esophagus, stomach and the small intestine. The peptic ulcers are of 3 types:
Causes of ulcers
Bacterial infection is the most common causes of peptic ulcers. Other cause includes long term use of certain medications and painkillers. Ulcers are developed when the amount of acid present in the stomach is elevated or when the mucous inner membrane of the digestive tract is decreased. In such cases the acid acts on the inner surface of the stomach or small intestine creating a painful open sore that may bleed. Severe smoking disorder and alcohol consumption or frequent consumption of spicy food can also worsen the condition.
Symptoms of ulcers
The most common symptoms of ulcer are as mentioned below:
The doctor conducts a physical exam and records the medical history and performs an endoscopy to detect an ulcer. Other diagnostic tests include laboratory tests for checking bacterial infection, a breath test and blood tests. Endoscopy is performed by passing an endoscope down the throat to check for ulcers in the esophagus, stomach and small intestine. A small tissue sample or biopsy is obtained if ulcer is detected for further laboratory examination.
Treatments for ulcers
The doctor decided the treatment option based on the cause of development of the ulcer. Initial treatment involves killing the bacteria that causes infection in the area and eliminating or reducing the intake of certain medications that can cause ulcers and prescribe medications that heal the ulcers, to block or reduce acid production and promote healing, medications that protect the lining of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine.
The initial treatment often produces successful results and heals the ulcers. In case if the symptoms persist, then the doctor recommends an endoscopy to rule out other possible causes for the symptoms. This also helps to ensure that the ulcer is healed.
If an ulcer does not heal after the initial treatment then they are termed as refractory ulcers. Many factors contribute to this condition and include:
In such conditions, factors that interfere with healing process are eliminated by using different medications to cure the refractory ulcers.
At Kims hospital we provide treatment options for various types of ulcers. Our expert panel of specialist’s works in collaboration with the medical surgeon’s to provide a unique inclusive experience for the patients to relieve pain and discomfort caused by any medical condition. To know more about ulcer disease treatments and treatment cost, book an appointment now.