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Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy


Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy or minimally invasive gallbladder removal is a procedure performed to remove the gallbladder having stones. The gallbladder is a small pear shaped organ that aids in the digestion process. The organ lies just beneath the liver and collects the digestive enzymes (bile) produced in the liver and transports to the small intestine through narrow channels known as bile ducts.

Causes for gallbladder problems

  • Formation of gallstones: Gallstones are hard or solid forms of cholesterol and bile salts that gets accumulated in the organ or in the duct that prevents the flow of digestive enzymes.
  • Overweight
  • Mostly found in older peoples.
  • Presence of gallstones in the bladder or duct results in swelling, pain, indigestion and vomiting as they block the flow of enzymes through bile duct to the small intestine. If left untreated, it can cause severe medical condition and leads to jaundice.

Diagnosing gallstones

Gallstones are diagnosed by ultrasound scanning and for complex cases nuclear medicine scans are performed.

Treatment for gallbladder disorders

Laparoscopic cholesystectomy is the most commonly used treatment method for removal of gallbladder along with gallstones. The surgeon initiates the procedure by administering a dose of anesthesia to relax the body tissues and muscles. Once anesthesia begins it work, the surgeon makes an incision in the navel area of the abdomen. The surgeon inserts a cannula through which a laparoscope is inserted. A laparoscope is an instrument that has a telescope attached to a video camera to capture enlarged images of the organs. This enables the surgeon to view in detail the condition of the organ and the surrounding internal cavity. After the inspection of the organ, few more incisions are made to insert specially designed instruments and other surgical tools to remove the bladder. The surgeon also inspects the bile duct for the presence of gall stones by taking an x-ray (cholangiogram) of the bile ducts. If gall stones are detected in the dusts, they are also removed and later the incisions are closed by surgical clips or stitches. The surgery generally last for one- two hours.
After laparoscopic choleststectomy patients experience lesser post operative pain when compared to open surgery and have a fast recovery. Most patients can leave the hospital on the same day itself. However proper care should be taken with proper medications and self care. If any symptoms like fever, pain in the abdomen area, frequent vomiting, or pus discharge from the incisions are noticed, immediately consult the doctor. Patients can engage in day to day activities within a week. Laparoscopic choleststectomy is a minimal invasive procedure with faster recovery and less pain.
At Kims hospital we provide excellent treatment options for patients suffering from Gallbladder and gallstone problems. Our expert panel of specialist’s works in collaboration with the medical surgeon’s to provide a unique inclusive experience for the patients needing pain relief and rehabilitation. To know more about treatment options for gallstone problems and treatment cost, book an appointment now.

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