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Colectomy


A colectomy refers to the removal of all or part of the colon to prevent diseases and conditions that affect the colon. The colon or large intestine is the lowest part of the digestive tract and leads to rectus and anus through which feces and wastes are eliminated from the body.

At Kims hospital, colectomy surgeries are carried out in a laparoscopic procedure that is minimal invasive and is performed in an outpatient procedure. After Colectomy surgery, the remaining portions of the colon are reconnected to permit waste to leave the body.

Types of colectomy include:

  • Total colectomy: Removes entire colon.
  • Partial colectomy: Removes part of the colon
  • Hemicolectomy: Removes the right or left portion of the colon.
  • Proctocolectomy:  Removes both the colon and rectum.

Colectomy is performed to treat and prevent conditions that affect the colon and these include:

  • Severe bleeding
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Colon cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Diverticulitis
  • Preventive surgery

Colectomy procedure

The surgeon initiates the procedure by administering a dose of general anesthesia to put the patient in a sleep-like state to reduce the pain and discomfort during the surgery. During the laparoscopic colectomy, the surgeon makes few small incisions in the abdomen and inserts a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a long tubular structure that has a camera attached to its end. This enables the surgeon to view the enlarged images of the abdominal cavity and associated organ in the connected monitor. The surgeon investigates the internal cavity and frees the colon from the surrounding tissue and is brought out through the small incision and repairs. Later the colon is reinserted into position or removed depending on the medical condition and requirement.

After the colectomy procedure, the surgeon reconnects the digestive tract system by rejoining the remaining portions of the colon, connecting the intestine to the abdomen to form a stoma or by connecting the colon to the anus to expel waste from the body.
After the colectomy surgery, patients are provided with medications to relieve the pain and discomfort. On the following days, patients are allowed to follow liquid diet until the digestive tract get used to the change in the environment. The doctor checks for any kind of discomfort during bowel movement and are then allowed to have mild solid foods. Proper care has to be taken to prevent the risk of any bleeding, infection, leaks or injury to the abdomen area.

Laparoscopic colectomy procedure is gaining popularity because of the many advantages benefits of this technique and these include:

  • Few small wounds
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Less pain and discomfort after the surgery
  • Faster recovery to normal activity
  • Lower incidence of infections and complications
  • Minimal scarring

At Kims hospital we provide laparoscopic colectomy surgery options for patients suffering from colon complication and other medical conditions. Our expert panel of specialist’s works in collaboration with the medical surgeon’s to provide a unique inclusive experience for the patients to relieve pain and discomfort caused by any medical condition. To know more about colectomy surgery and treatment cost, book an appointment now.

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