Stomach cancer is developed when the mucus-producing cells that line the inner cavity grow quickly. Stomach cancer can spread to other organs in the abdomen and to the lower end of the esophagus or food swallowing tube and become complicated.
Symptoms of stomach cancer include:
Causes of stomach cancer
Cancer develops when a gene mutation occurs in a cell genetic material. The mutation leads to rapid cell growth and division and gets accumulated to form a tumor that invades nearby internal structures. These cancers cells spread to other organs and spread the disease. Gastroesophageal junction cancer is caused by the frequent backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus.
Other high risk factors that cause stomach cancer include:
Diagnosing stomach cancer
Tests and procedures conducted to diagnose stomach cancer include endoscopy, imaging tests including CT scan, positron emission tomography and special X-ray called a barium swallow. The doctor may recommend exploratory surgery to understand the spread of cancer cells and also to stage the stomach cancer to determine treatment options.
Stages of stomach cancer
Stage I. The cancer cells are spread to the top layer of tissue that lines the inside of the esophagus or stomach.
Stage II. Cancer has spread to the deeper muscle layer of the esophagus or stomach wall.
Stage III. Cancer has spread to all the layers of the esophagus or stomach and spread to nearby structures and lymph nodes.
Stage IV. Cancer spread to distant areas of the body.
Treatment options for stomach cancer
The treatment options depend on the stage of cancer and overall health condition.
Surgery: Surgery involves removing the part of the esophagus or stomach and a margin of healthy tissue, and nearby lymph nodes. Options include:
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high beams of energy to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be used before and after surgery to shrink tumors and to easily remove them from the body. Radiation therapy produces mild side effects and includes diarrhea, indigestion, nausea and vomiting.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves high dose drug treatments to kill cancer cells. Chemicals are administered intravenously or as tablets and capsules that travel throughout the body killing cancer cells. Chemotherapy involves targeted drugs that attack specific abnormalities within cancer cells and kill them.
Palliative care: Palliative care is specialized medical care provided for cancer patients to relief from pain and other symptoms of the disease and aims to improve the quality of life for the patients. The team consists of surgeon, nurses and other specially trained doctors to provide an extra layer of support and care that complements the ongoing treatment with other elements such as symptom management to improve the comfort and well-being state. The team provides continuous support and advice for the many difficult situations and care techniques that improve the comfort and sense of well-being.
At Kims hospital we provide latest and effective stomach cancer treatments from well qualified and experienced specialist’s and doctors with care and compassion. To know more about stomach cancer treatments and treatment cost, book an appointment now.