Hernia forms when the tissues in abdomen bulge through an abdominal wall’s weak spot. Umbilicus, groin and the site of previous abdominal incisions are the weak spots. Excess pressure, strain during bowel movements and pregnancy, age-related wear and tear of the tissues in the abdominal wall may also cause a hernia. The hernia strangulation causes blood flow stop which needs immediate surgery as it might lead to the dreadful condition. Sharp or dull pain, the abdominal discomfort would be felt while prolonged walking, standing and lifting objects.
Keyhole hernia surgery is an advanced technique for surgical removal of a hernia. In this minimally invasive surgical method, the surgeon makes small incisions and inserts the tiny camera. The camera is attached to instruments for viewing the abnormalities caused by a hernia. Other surgical tools are inserted into other incisions to remove a hernia without disturbing any other internal organs. The camera captures the abdominal pictures and the surgeon views the zoomed images of the organs through a monitor. By monitoring the video, the hernia surgery is performed.
What are the benefits of keyhole surgery?
1. Minimally invasive and minimal scars
2. Less bleeding
3. Done at an affordable cost
4. A large mesh is placed to prevent the hernia relapse
5. Minimal postoperative pain
6. Short hospital stay
7. Fast healing and recovery from the surgery
8. A quick return to normal activity
How does Keyhole hernia surgery perform?
The patient is administered with general anesthesia for muscle relaxation and he put the patient in a sleeping state. The surgeon makes three small incisions in the wall of the abdomen. The peritoneum is separated from the muscle layer with a help of inserting a balloon dilating device through one of the incisions. Soon after separating the peritoneum, the balloon is replaced with a laparoscopic port and the same is inflated with CO2. After that, a long thin tube probe with the attached camera at one end is inserted into space for viewing the internal organs with the help of a monitor. The surgeon is guided by the images. To expose the hernia sac, the peritoneum is gently pushed away from the muscle layer. After repositioning the abdominal bulge, a stretchy polypropylene mesh is placed to close the hole in the muscle. Then, the mesh is fixed with the tiny absorbable tacking device. Finally, with the help of dissolving sutures, the incisions are closed.
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