Bariatric or weight reduction surgery is a safe and effective method of excess weight loss. The procedure is performed by sectioning the stomach into small pouches thereby restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold. The portion of the stomach which secretes and increases appetite and cholesterol is segmented and removed to reduce food intake. The process also increases the usage of energy from stored fat which leads to weight reduction in a natural way.
The procedure eliminates the need of continuous weight reduction medications and also controls diabetes, cholesterol and snoring. The weight reduction surgery is performed by a laparoscopic technique that is minimal invasive and with a faster recovery period. In this method, only a few small incisions are made to perform the procedure and have minimal scars. There are 4 techniques adopted for weight reduction surgery and these are:
Gastric bypass also known as Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass is the most popularly and successfully used technique of weight reduction surgery. In the gastric bypass surgery, the surgeon makes small incisions in the abdominal wall and divides the stomach into an upper small pouch and lower larger pouch. Next, the bottom end of the small intestine is now connected to the upper small pouch of the stomach.
The procedure aids in weight loss process by restriction the quantity of food consumed per meal and limiting the absorption of calories. Rerouting the food stream also produce changes in gut hormones that reduce appetite and produces significant long-term weight loss.
The Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy is performed by creating a tubular pouch of the stomach. The surgeon initiates the procedure by administering a dose of anesthesia and makes few incisions in the abdominal wall. Laparoscope and other surgical tools are inserted through small incisions and create a tubular pouch of small size and the remaining part of the stomach is removed. Reducing the size of the stomach significantly reduce the amount of food consumed, reduce calorie absorption and reduce the gut hormone that affects hunger, satiety, and blood sugar control.
Adjustable Gastric Band
The Adjustable Gastric Band technique involves using an inflatable band to divide the stomach into a small upper portion and large lower portion. The gastric band procedure differs from other methods of weight reduction as the size of the opening can be adjusted by filling the band with a sterile solution. This is accomplished by injecting the solution through a port placed under the skin. Reducing the size of the opening with the remaining portion of the stomach gradually over time with repeated adjustments creates a faster feeling of fullness. The small size of band opening reduces hunger and decrease the amount of calories consumed. The procedure differs from other methods as it does not involve cutting or rerouting of the digestive stream and are reversible and adjustable.
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch (BPD/DS) Gastric Bypass
The Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch surgery involves two procedures. First is creating a small tubular stomach pouch by removing a portion of the stomach. Next first portion of the small intestine from the outlet of the stomach is divided and connected to the segment of the last portion of the small intestine to create a new outlet. By this method, the food consumed enters the new tubular pouch and drain directly into the last segment of the small intestine. This method prevents the food from mixing with bile and pancreatic enzymes until it reaches the end of the small intestine. This results in significant decrease in the absorption of calories and nutrients and also affects guts hormones that impact hunger and control blood sugar levels.
At Kims hospital, we provide laparoscopic weight reduction surgery options for patients suffering from obesity and other medical conditions caused by excess weight. Our expert panel of specialist’s works in collaboration with the medical surgeon’s to provide a unique inclusive experience for the patients to lose extra pounds from the body and to be fit. To know more about surgery options for weight reduction programs and treatment cost, book an appointment now.